Friday, December 2, 2022
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The Socialist Republic of Vietnam (Vietnamese: Cộng hòa xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam)
Geography and climate
Vietnam is the easternmost nation on the Indochina Peninsula. It is bordered by China to the north, Laos to the northwest, and Cambodia to the southwest. On the country's east coast lies the East Sea.
Country's official name throughout history: Van Lang (2876 BC – 258 BC), Au Lac (257 BC – 207 BC), Van Xuan (544-602), Dai Co Viet (968 – 1054), Dai Viet (1054 – 1802), Dai Ngu (1400 – 1406), and Viet Nam.
The Dai Viet
In the 10th century AD, the Vietnamese had won their freedom and built up an independent state named Dai Viet. The country was under the ruling of many national feudal dynasties
Struggle for national liberation
In the middle of 19th century (1858), French colonialists began to invade Vietnam. The incompetent government of the Nguyen gradually gave in and from 1884
In the spring of 1975, the patriotic armed forces of Vietnam swept across the country in the great general offensive and overthrew the Saigon government. The southern part of Vietnam was liberated and the country was united as one.
At the 6th Congress of the Communist Party in 1986, the Doi Moi (reform) policy was launched with the focus on economic reform
Central Political System
The Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV) was established on February 3, 1930. Over the past 75 years, the CPV has been in the vanguard of the struggle for national independence
Administrative Divisions and Local Authorities
Vietnam is subdivided into 59 provinces and 5 province-level cities, which are further subdivided into districts and municipalities
Agriculture and forestry (20.4% of GDP, 2006):
--rice, maize, sweet potato, peanut, soya bean, cotton, coffee, cashews.
--12.2 million hectares.
--21% arable; 28% forest and woodland; 51% other.
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